In the times of the Inca Empire, the giant stairs, that hung over the Sacred Valley, left bloom the biggest and the best corn of Tahuantinsuyo, the sweeter fruit, the most beautiful flowers and medicinal plants to supply the markets. The mythical Mount Linle was carved for that, and the inhabitants of Pisaq could boast of living there.
There, Pachacuti made build a fortress city to house his Panaka.
Pisaq was thus called, by the enormous quantity of partridges (or Pisaq), that were there, today is called Linle, without an explanation for the name. For some authors, Pisaq comes from the word Quechua pisaq that would be the name of an extinct bird; others say it was the name of the governor of the region. Well, the word exists, in Quechua, and is used to denote a bird resembling the European partridge and that lives, especially, to the three thousand eight hundred meters from sea level.
When visitors come to the square of Pisaq can still find a kind of trade that, if over the years is disappearing, persists, despite the ruthlessly strength of the modern times: the barter system - this commercial system was used by the ancient peoples of the Andes, long before the Incas - is the exchange of goods without money. Exchanges are handicrafts, agricultural products, animal products like wool. It is an efficient and simple system that allows people, from different geographical areas, to having access to other products.
Aside from the facades of stone, that bears details, of perfect lines - the great walls ... Aqueducts that led the water through the arteries of the sacred mountain ... Nests of Condor along the strands, in addition to the towers and bastions ... Two cities of stone, an astronomical observatory, magnificent temples, the Intiwatana, the necropolis in the cavities of the rock where they laid the dead ...
Another day dawns and in front of the city on the western slopes of Willkamayu, high on a hill, the monolith, which has the figure of a woman with phullu (a sort of blanket) bent over his shoulders, defying time, distance and love - as Tahuantinsuyo itself, that is still waiting ... as she ...
There are many, many years ... in Pisaq ..
The people, good natured, suffering the harassment of the people of the forest, the antis, that in the rainy season, took advantage to invade the place. The Incas, their allies, could not help because they could not go to the other side when the river was voluminous.
A beautiful princess born Inkill Chump in this situation and although, in the Sacred Valley, many suitors,when she was little girl, she heard the oracle of the rainbow, Wankar Kuichi, who had been a prisoner in a hill in front of Pisaq, prophesying that many princes would come from different regions and would marry her the only one that could build the bridge over the river in one night.
She then withdrew all of the Pisaq suitors, waiting for the promised savior, until the day, Asto Rimaq, the son of the kuraka of the wallas, realm of the mysterious Antisuyo, came. The young man brought her many wonderful gifts but none like the Qoriqenqe, beautiful bird of golden plumage, with blue, yellow and red stripes, and that revealed the future with his sweet singing.
Upon learning of the prophecy of Wanka Kuichi the Qoriqenqe said the bridge would be built in a single night and that the stones would break away themselves from the quarries.
Both young, Inkill and Asto, should cross the sacred river. Asto Rimaq should stay on the river bank and, the beautiful Inkill would ascend the slope carrying the best Coca, as a sacred offering, letting the leaves drop the ground, after kissing them constantly until she reach the top. He was emphatic by stating that if she turned to look, the two would never see again, and the hope of his people would be dead.
She promised to follow the instructions of the bird and, after crossing the Willkamayu, began to climb the slope. When the first handful of Coca fell, a tremor was felt and was growing until become a huge movement. The stones fell by themselves and the blocks flew over the waters.
Her walking made the environment moving as if it were alive. Some stones rubbed themselves, and the contact produced lightnings. Suddenly, everything stopped, at once. It was then that the beautiful Inkill can not stand the curiosity and, turning to look, was transformed into stone, while the unfortunate promised was swept away by turbulent waters of Willkamayu - the gigantic bridge cannot be built.
Consumed by sadness, the bird of Asto Rimaq said that its end was near and that, once it died, they should give its plumage to the Inca. The yellow, as it indicated, was the symbol of wealth, blue, synonymous of wisdom and the red of the power.
He also said that the Inca should keep them together. If separated, it would determine the fall of Tahuantinsuyo. Huayna Qhapaq, who didn't know this, because the priests guarded the secret to themselves, divided the feathers that were in his forehead, tied by the maskapaycha, between his two sons, Huascar and Atahualpa, which precipitated the end of Empire.
This legend can be read at:
Maximilian Rendon, "Leyendas del Valle Sagrado de los Incas y otros Estudios, Cusco, 1960