ALBORADA - SAYRI ÑAN

5.07.2011

THE CHAIN OF HUASCAR AND THE TREASURE OF ATAHUALPA




Tells the story, with the endorsement of dozens of records of the Spanish chroniclers and mestizos of the first year of the Conquest, that the Inca Huayna Capac (Wayna Qhapaq) - at the height of his administration, when the empire had expanded to the Maximum - commissioned a "Waska" (rope or chain, from which derives the name Huascar), about 200 meters long (1) with the thickness of a human fist, covered in gold plates articulated to simulate the scales of a snake skin, that glistened in the sun. At that time, Cusco shone in the sun with its roofs of gold and the plates of the same metal, which covered the walls of its buildings. (2)





At a party, in which was named the firstborn, the gold chain was shown in the Capital of the Empire, encircling the entire Aukcaypata Square, raised by the hands of the nobles. Amid chants and hymns to the Sun, the future heir to the throne was presented in a sort of baptism ceremony or "sutichay" for, in the future, be crowned Inca Huascar, at the time of the death of Huayna Capac.


Huascar Inca came to occupy, in the short time of his government, the Palace of Amaru Cancha in Cusco (now the University of Cusco, the Lourdes Chapel and the Temple of the Society of Jesus), in this palace, in a sacred room, was kept the chain: that of amarus or snakes.
It is possible that with the War of the brothers Huascar and Atahualpa, the chain has been taken to Quito (3), or as part of the ransom of Atahualpa, or even carried by the family of the Inca when they fleed of the city (towards Paititi).








But where, after all, would be the golden chain hidden?






There are reports that, when they had known the Spaniards invasion and their lust for gold ( such inordinate was the thirst for gold that, the Andean people created a legend that the Spaniards fed themselves of gold and silver rather than food) (4), an order was given to bury the chain and this could have been done in a pond, Canincunca (Q'oyllururmana), also called pond of Urcos.
Since then, both during the colonial era as now, everyone has searched for it, dozens of private companies have tried to drain the pond, without success, searching for the mythical gold chain, some archaeologists tried, for the last time, a few years ago.


As is well known, the conquerors have not fulfilled the promise to release Atahualpa, if the ransom were paid in gold, killing the prisoner souverain Inca. The news transited, quickly, through the Empire. As a result, the incessant sending of gold and silver stopped and, at that point in history, the legend of the treasure of Atahualpa begins to rise ... In Cajamarca Pizarro and in Pachacamac his brother Hernando, gathered the coveted gold, but most of the wealth has not arrived. Despite all the gold they had usurped, there was much more ...
One of the main commanders of the army of Atahualpa was Rumiñahui, who was born in Quito, in the year 1486, as many historians ensure he would have been half-brother of Atahualpa, son of Inca Huayna Capac. At this moment in history, Rumiñahui fought against Sebastián de Benalcazar, who had been instructed to march against him. Sebastian had sent a messenger with a cross and a peace offering - the corpse was returned as response. Rumiñahui had seen, in Cajamarca, a symbol like that in the hands of a sinister monk who accompanied Pizarro.




Rumiñahui gathered, then, his troops, urging them to fight. One can imagine his strong voice warning them against this crafty enemy, who lied and cheated for gold, that raped women and confiscated the lands. Empowered by the need to fight for their lives and the lives of their wives and children, they come out to meet the usurpers at the plains of Tiocajas.
Despite the place favored the enemy - the Spanishes could move with ease, with their horses, on these plains - and, this same enemy,having made ​​a covenant with the people Cañari, that reinforced its foreign effective, the men of Rumiñahui can cancel your power of strenght, and every time they kill a horse, cut off his head to show that, in turn, are deadly.






A terrible battle, which stops in the evening, at sundown, and continues the next day, was fought and the plains, which start to become filled with traps for the Spaniards with their horses, are covered with blood and death.


Apparently, someone teaches Benalcázar a sure path to flee to Riobamba. Rumiñahui then decides to attack the city. At the time of the attack, the Tungurahua volcano erupts. Amid the chaos, while the people fled, terrified, under the incandescent rain, defenseless, the Spaniards killed them, without mercy.


Rumiñahui move, then, with his soldiers to Ambato. From there, goes to Quito, where they will house the wounded and on the path, he hides the treasure of Atahualpa in southern of Sigsig, in the foothills of the eastern cordillera of Llanganates.







THE AROUND THE PHANTOM OF RUMIÑAHUI-


LATEST NEWS!


(Ibero-American information service - October 1999)


The crash of a helicopter, in which traveled four archaeologists to the south of Ecuador, reveled they sought the gold of the Inca emperor Atahualpa, who was hidden for centuries at a site never revealed.


The scientists belong to a group of fourteen researchers from the Association of Marine Surveyors of India and the Institute of Nautical Archaeology of University of Texas and the Widam Foundation; since November 1998 they are conducting research on the famous treasure.


The researchers, since that time, live in the area, more southern of Sigsig, in the foothills of the Cordillera Oriental or Llanganates, where it is assumed that the Inca warrior Rumiñahui, has hidden the gold in the Kingdom of Quito, which would be the payment of ransom of his brother, the emperor Atahualpa, who was murdered by the Spaniards in Cajamarca.
Archaeologists believe that while there is a little legend, in fact, there is credible evidence and a good chance that gold is in the area Sigsig, where they also are studying anthropological and archaeological remains.




The mission chief Michael Paret, said that after research at the Archivo Indies in Seville, found the story of Ayllón (Sigsig) and the "enchanted lake", in which, apparently, could be hiden the golden objects that would serve as ransom of Atahualpa.
Paret affirms that, according to a study conducted at the Museum of India, based on comparisons of writings about the treasure, it exists. "It may have been created a legend around it, as always happens with historical facts like these, but the fact occurred and the gold should be somewhere. It is proved that the writings that refer to ransom of Atahualpa are ninety percent true.''




Paret affirms that, according to a study conducted at the Museum of India, based on comparisons of writings about the treasure, it exists. "It may have been created a legend around it, as always happens with historical facts like these, but the fact occurred and the gold should be somewhere. It is proved that the writings that refer to ransom of Atahualpa are ninety percent true.''




The first step of the research was to find evidence of human remains, of that time, in the bottom of the lake Sigsig, but while carrying out their investigations were surprised by a group of miners who extract gold in place, by hand way, that wanted to expel them because they thought they were foreign miners. This forced them to request protection to local authorities and to hire a helicopter, for that after concluding the first phase, they could leave the site without having to go through the mining area.
However, only four managed to leave, because in the second trip, while traveling from Sigsig to Gualaceo, the helicopter crashed due to a gust of wind that destabilized it by shooting him in the waters of the "enchanted lake". The four American archaeologists, wounded, managed to save.




For some locals, the accident was caused by the spirit of Rumiñahui, that will not allow the secret be discovered. Rafaela Curuchumpi, one of the residents of the area, believes that one should not play with the ghosts of ancestors, which can bring bad luck. "Why look for a treasure that, surely, was taken by the lagoon and is protected by the brave warriors of Rumiñahui. This ambition can be very negative, " she said.




Another famous expeditionary was Ralph Blomberg, born in Sweden on November 11, 1912. He was an explorer, writer, photographer and filmmaker. He died in Ecuador in 1996. He held six dangerous expeditions in search of the treasure hidden by Rumiñahui. His most important work: Guld att hämta (Gold buried and anacondas) Gebers, Stockholm, 1956. He also produced two documentaries on the same theme: Jakt på Inkaguld (En search of Inca Gold ) Rolf Blomberg & Torgny Anderberg Format: 16mm Year: 1969.


( by Kintto Lucas, Correspondent of the Information Service Iberoamericano of OEI, Quito, Ecuador)




SPECIAL ADDENDUM: It's a terrible paradox that the Spaniards, considering the inhabitants of the Inca Empire as only "Indians", as inferior beings, according to his criterion, because of not having a writing system like theirs, had in their hands, the task of telling the history of this people.




From all that was said by chroniclers-Spanish historians, we should take maximum care when approaching the study of Andean peoples. Therefore, we can only get into his world, to understand it, through the door of his " mythic world ", reminding us, always, that they still exist and, as always, its culture and its secrets are passed orally from generation to generation, to their descendants. Perhaps the task of extracting the reality, among the many vagaries of interpretation, be inglorious, especially for those who worship the material goods as gods, however, I'll try to show, gradually, lapses of their world, that seems as lost as the lost city of Paititi (Paikikin), and only appears, like itself, to those who receive it with love.
(1) Some authors even claim to 700 feet.
(2) perhaps through the tunnel that went from the Qoricancha (Sun Temple) in Cusco and that led to Quito (Ecuador), this tunnel is still being investigated by archaeologists.


(3) "Tenemos por muy cierto –dice el cronista Cieza– que ni en Jerusalén, ni en Roma, ni en Persia, ni en ninguna parte del mundo, por ninguna república ni rey del se juntaba en un lugar tanta riqueza de metales de oro y plata y pedrería como en esta plaza del Cuzco". (cronista Pedro Cieza de Leon, la Cronica del Peru).
(4) l) Poma de Ayala , Nueva Crónica, l6l5, pág. 369,370
Eliade, Mircea, "El mito del eterno retorno", Ed Alianza, 2000


Pease, Franklin, "Los últimos Incas del Cuzco", Alianza, l99l
see also: Rivero y Tschudi, Antigüedades peruanas p. 213). (Citado por Memorias sobre las antigüedades neogranadinas : Uricoechea Ezequiel.